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如何在1分钟内学会红外光谱图分析
编辑 :

TIANJINSHINENGPUKEJIYOUXIANGONGSI

时间: 2019-07-25 浏览量: 16

红外光谱悠洋棋牌法(Infrared Spectrometry,IR)是利用物质分子对红外辐射的吸收,并由其振动或转动运动引起偶极矩的精变化,产生分子振动和转动能级从基态到激发态的跃迁,得到由分子振动能级和转动能级变化产生的振动-转动光谱,又称为红外光谱。

1分钟学会红外光谱图分析

红外光谱仪

红外光谱法是一种鉴别化合物和确定物质分子结构的常用分析手段,不仅可以对物质进行定性分析,还可对单一组分或混合物中各组分进行定量分析,尤其是在对于一些较难分离并在紫外、可见区找不到明显特征峰的样品,可以方便、迅速地完成定量分析。

YI、HONGWAIPUTUJIEXIJIBENZHISHI

1、JITUANPINLVQU

ZHONGHONGWAIGUANGPUQUKEFENCHENG4000cm-1~1300(1800)cm-1HE1800(1300)cm-1~600cm-1LIANGGEQUYU。ZUIYOUFENXIJIAZHIDEJITUANPINLVZAI4000cm-1~1300cm-1ZHIJIAN,ZHEIYIQUYUCHENGWEIJITUANPINLVQU、GUANNENGTUANQUHUOTEZHENGQU。QUNEIDEFENGSHIYOUSHENSUOZHENDONGCHANSHENGDEXISHOUDAI,BIJIAOXISHU,RONGYIBIANREN,CHANGYONGYUJIANDINGGUANNENGTUAN。

ZAI1800cm-1(1300cm-1)~600cm-1QUYUNEI,CHUDANJIANDESHENSUOZHENDONGWAI,HAIYOUYINBIANXINGZHENDONGCHANSHENGDEPUDAI。ZHEIZHONGZHENDONGJITUANPINLVHETEZHENGXISHOUFENGYUZHENGGEFENZIDEJIEGOUYOUGUAN。DANGFENZIJIEGOUSHAOYOUBUTONGSHI,GAIQUDEXISHOUJIUYOUXIWEIDECHAYI,BINGXIANSHICHUFENZITEZHENG。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGJIUXIANGRENDEZHIWENYIYANG,YINCICHENGWEIZHIWENQU。ZHIWENQUDUIYUZHIRENJIEGOULEISIDEHUAHEWUHENYOUBANGZHU,ERQIEKEYIZUOWEIHUAHEWUCUNZAIMOUZHONGJITUANDEPANGZHENG。

悠洋棋牌JITUANPINLVQUKEFENWEISANGEQUYU

(1)4000~2500cm-1X-HSHENSUOZHENDONGQU,XKEYISHIO、N、CHUOSDENGYUANZI。O-HJIDESHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAI3650~3200cm-1FANWEINEI,TAKEYIZUOWEIPANDUANYOUWUCHUNLEI、FENLEIHEYOUJISUANLEIDEZHONGYAOYIJU。

DANGCHUNHEFENRONGYUFEIJIXINGRONGJI(RUCCl4),NONGDUYU0.01mol.dm-3SHI,ZAI3650~3580cm-1CHUCHUXIANYOULIO-HJIDESHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU,FENGXINGJIANRUI,QIEMEIYOUQITAXISHOUFENGGANRAO,YIYUSHIBIE。DANGSHIYANGNONGDUZENGJIASHI,QIANGJIHUAHEWUCHANSHENGDIHEXIANXIANG,O-HJIDESHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOUFENGXIANGDIBOSHUFANGXIANGWEIYI,ZAI3400~3200cm-1CHUXIANYIGEKUANERQIANGDEXISHOUFENG。ANHEXIANANDEN-HSHENSUOZHENDONGYECHUXIANZAI3500~3100cm-1,YINCI,KENENGHUIDUIO-HSHENSUOZHENDONGYOUGANRAO。

悠洋棋牌C-HDESHENSUOZHENDONGKEFENWEIBAOHEHEBUBAOHEDELIANGZHONG:

BAOHEDEC-HSHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAI3000cm-1YIXIA,YUE3000~2800cm-1,QUDAIJIDUITAMENYINGXIANGHENXIAO。RU-CH3JIDESHENSUOXISHOUCHUXIANZAI2960cm-1HE2876cm-1FUJIN;R2CH2JIDEXISHOUZAI2930cm-1HE2850cm-1FUJIN;R3CHJIDEXISHOUJICHUXIANZAI2890cm-1FUJIN,DANQIANGDUHENRUO。

BUBAOHEDEC-HSHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAI3000cm-1YISHANG,YICILAIPANBIEHUAHEWUZHONGSHIFOUHANYOUBUBAOHEDEC-HJIAN。BENHUANDEC-HJIANSHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAI3030cm-1FUJIN,TADETEZHENGSHIQIANGDUBIBAOHEDEC-HJIANGJIANSHAORUO,DANPUDAIBIJIAOJIANRUI。BUBAOHEDESHUANGJIAN=C-HDEXISHOUCHUXIANZAI3010~3040cm-1FANWEINEI,MODUAN=CH2DEXISHOUCHUXIANZAI3085cm-1FUJIN。SANJIANC-HSHANGDEC-HSHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAIGENGGAODEQUYU(3300cm-1)FUJIN。

悠洋棋牌(2)2500~1900cm-1WEISANJIANHELEIJISHUANGJIANQU,ZHUYAOBAOKUO-C≡C、-C≡NDENGSANJIANDESHENSUOZHENDONG,YIJI-C=C=C、-C=C=ODENGLEIJISHUANGJIANDEBUDUICHENGXINGSHENSUOZHENDONG。

DUIYUGUITINGLEIHUAHEWU,KEYIFENCHENGR-C≡CHHER¢-C≡C-RLIANGZHONGLEIXING:

R-C≡CHDESHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAI2100~2140cm-1FUJIN;

R¢-C≡C-RCHUXIANZAI2190~2260cm-1FUJIN;

悠洋棋牌R-C≡C-RFENZISHIDUICHENG,ZEWEIFEIHONGWAIHUOXING。

-C≡NJIDESHENSUOZHENDONGZAIFEIGONGEDEQINGKUANGXIACHUXIAN2240~2260cm-1FUJIN。DANGYUBUBAOHEJIANHUOFANGXIANGHEGONGESHI,GAIFENGWEIYIDAO2220~2230cm-1FUJIN。RUOFENZIZHONGHANYOUC、H、NYUANZI,-C≡NJIXISHOUBIJIAOQIANGERJIANRUI。RUOFENZIZHONGHANYOUOYUANZI,QIEOYUANZILI-C≡NJIYUEJIN,-C≡NJIDEXISHOUYUERUO,SHENZHIGUANCHABUDAO。

悠洋棋牌(3)1900~1200cm-1WEISHUANGJIANSHENSUOZHENDONGQU,GAIQUYUZHONGYAOBAOKUOSANZHONGSHENSUOZHENDONG:C=OSHENSUOZHENDONGCHUXIANZAI1900~1650cm-1,SHIHONGWAIGUANGPUZHONGTEZHENGDEQIEWANGWANGSHIZUIQIANGDEXISHOU,YICIHENRONGYIPANDUANTONGLEI、QUANLEI、SUANLEI、ZHILEIYIJISUANGANDENGYOUJIHUAHEWU。SUANGANDETANGJIXISHOUDAIYOUYUZHENDONGOUHEERCHENGXIANSHUANGFENG。BENDEYANSHENGWUDEFANPINPUDAI,CHUXIANZAI2000~1650cm-1FANWEI,SHIC-HMIANWAIHEC=CMIANNEIBIANXINGZHENDONGDEFANPINXISHOU,SUIRANQIANGDUHENRUO,DANTAMENDEXISHOUMIANMAOZAIBIAOZHENGFANGHEQUDAILEIXINGSHANGYOUYIDINGDEZUOYONG。

2、ZHIWENQU

(a)1800(1300)cm-1~900cm-1QUYUSHIC-O、C-N、C-F、C-P、C-S、P-O、Si-ODENGDANJIANDESHENSUOZHENDONGHEC=S、S=O、P=ODENGSHUANGJIANDESHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU。

悠洋棋牌QIZHONG:1375cm-1DEPUDAIWEIJIAJIDEC-HDUICHENGWANQUZHENDONG,DUISHIBIEJIAJISHIFENYOUYONG,C-ODESHENSUOZHENDONGZAI1300~1000cm-1,SHIGAIQUYUZUIQIANGDEFENG,YEJIAOYISHIBIE。

悠洋棋牌(b)900~650cm-1QUYUDEMOUXIEXISHOUFENGKEYONGLAIQUERENHUAHEWUDESHUNFANGOUXING。LIYONGSHANGQUYUZHONGBENHUANDEC-HMIANWAIBIANXINGZHENDONGXISHOUFENGHE2000~1667cm-1QUYUBENDEBEIPINHUOZUHEPINXISHOUFENG,KEYIGONGTONGPEIHEQUEDINGBENHUANDEQUDAILEIXING。

悠洋棋牌ER、GUANYUHONGWAIGUANGPUFENXIDESHUNKOULIU

(1)WAIKEFENYUANZHONGJIN,ZHONGHONGTEZHENGZHIWENQU,1300LAIFENJIE,ZHUYIHENGZHOUHUAFENYI。KANTUYAOZHIHONGWAIYI,NONGQINGWUTAIYEGUQI,YANGPINLAIYUANZHIYANGFA,WUHUAXINGNENGDUOLIANXI。SHITUXIANXUEBAOHETING,SANQIANYIXIAKANFENGXING。

悠洋棋牌(2)2960、2870SHIJIAJI,2930、2850YAJIAJIFENG。1470TANQINGWAN,1380JIAJIXIAN。ERGEJIAJITONGYITAN,1380FENERBAN。MIANNEIYAOBAI720,ZHANGLIANYAJIAJIYIKEBIAN。

悠洋棋牌(3)XIQINGSHENZHANGUOSANQIAN,PAICHUBEIPINHELUWAN。MODUANXITINGCIFENGQIANG,ZHIYOUYIQINGBUMINGXIAN。

悠洋棋牌(4)HUAHEWU,YOUJIANPIAN,~1650HUICHUXIAN。XIQINGMIANWAIYIBIANXING,1000YIXIAYOUQIANGFENG。910DUANJIQING,ZAIYOUYIQING990。SHUNSHIERQING690,FANSHIYIZHI970;DANQINGCHUFENG820,GANRAOSHUNSHINANQUEDING。

(5)GUIQINGSHENZHANSANQIANSAN,FENGQIANGHENDAFENGXINGJIAN。SANJIANSHENZHANERQIANER,GUIQINGYAOBAILIUBAIBA。

(6)FANGTINGHUXIHENTEZHENG,1600~1430,1650~2000FANFENG,QUDAIFANGSHIQUFENMING。900~650,MIANWAIWANQUDINGFANGQING。WUQINGXISHOUYOULIANGFENG,700HE750,SIQINGZHIYOU750,ERQINGXIANGLIN830,JIANERQUDAICHUSANFENG,700、780,880CHUGULIQING

悠洋棋牌(7)CHUNFENQIANGJIYIDIHE,SANQIANSANCHUYOUQIANGFENG。C-OSHENZHANXISHOUDA,BOZHONGSHUCHUNWEIBUTONG。1050BOCHUNXIAN,1100NAISHIZHONG,1150SHUCHUNZAI,1230CAISHIFEN。

(8)1110MILIANSHEN,ZHUYIPAICHUZHISUANCHUN。RUOYUπJIANJINXIANGLIAN,ERGEXISHOUYAOKANZHUN,1050DUICHENGFENG,1250DUICHENG。

(9)BENHUANRUOYOUJIAYANGJI,TANQINGSHENZHAN2820。CIJIAJIERYANGLIANBENHUAN,930CHUYOUQIANGFENG.

悠洋棋牌(10)HUANYANGYIWANYOUSANFENG,1260HUANZHENDONG,JIUBAISHANGXIAFANDUICHENG,BABAIZUOYOUZUITEZHENG。

(11)SUOQUANTONG,TESHUMI,1110FEISUOTONG。SUANGANYEYOUC-OJIAN,KAILIANHUANGANYOUQUBIE,KAILIANQIANGKUANYIQIANYI,HUANGANYIZHI1250。

悠洋棋牌(12)TANGJISHENZHANYIQIANQI,2720DINGQUANJI。XIDIANXIAOYINGBOSHUGAO,GONGEZEXIANGDIPINYI。ZHANGLICUSHIZHENDONGKUAI,HUANWAISHUANGJIANKELEIBI。

悠洋棋牌(13)ERQIANWUDAOSANQIANSAN,SUOSUANQINGJIANFENGXINGKUAN,920,DUNFENGXIAN,SUOJIKEDINGERJUSUAN、

(14)SUANGANQIANBALAIOUHE,SHUANGFENG60YANXIANGGE,LIANZHUANGSUANGANGAOPINQIANG,HUANZHUANGSUANGANGAOPINRUO。

悠洋棋牌(15)SUOSUANYAN,OUHESHENG,TANGJISHENSUOCHUSHUANGFENG,1600FANDUICHENG,1400DUICHENGFENG。

悠洋棋牌(16)1740ZHITANGJI,HESUANKEKANTANYANGZHAN。1180JIASUANZHI,1190SHIBINGSUAN,1220YISUANZHI,1250FANGXIANGSUAN。1600TUERFENG,CHANGWEILINBENERJIASUAN。

悠洋棋牌(17)DANQINGSHENZHANSANQIANSI,MEIQINGYIFENGHENFENMING。TANGJISHENZHANXIANANI,1660YOUQIANGFENG;N-HBIANXINGXIANANII,1600FENBOZHONG。BOANPINGAOYIZHONGDIE,ZHONGXIANGUTAI1550;TANDANSHENZHANXIANANIII,1400QIANGFENGXIAN。

(18)ANJIANCHANGYOUGANRAOJIAN,N-HSHENZHANSANQIANSAN,SHUANWUFENGZHONGANDAN,BOANSHUANGFENGXIAOERJIAN。

悠洋棋牌1600TANQINGWAN,FANGXIANGZHONGANQIANWUPIAN。BABAIZUOYOUMIANNEIYAO,QUEDINGZUIHAOBIANCHENGYAN。

悠洋棋牌(19)SHENZHANWANQUHUXIANGJIN,BOANYANSANQIANQIANGFENGKUAN,ZHONGANYAN、SHUANYAN,2700SHANGXIAKEFENBIAN,YAANYAN,GENGKELIAN,2000ZUOYOUCAIKEJIAN。

悠洋棋牌(20)XIAOJISHENSUOXISHOUDA,XIANGLIANJITUANKENONGQING。1350、1500,FENWEIDUICHENGFANDUICHENG。

悠洋棋牌(21)ANJISUAN,CHENGNEIYAN,3100~2100FENGXINGKUAN。1600、1400SUANGENZHAN,1630、1510TANQINGWAN。

YANSUANYAN,SUOJIXIAN,NAYANDANBAISANQIANSAN。

(22)KUANGWUZUCHENGZAERLUAN,ZHENDONGGUANGPUYUANHONGDUAN。CHUNYANLEI,JIAOJIANDAN,XISHOUFENG,SHAOERKUAN。

(23)ZHUYIQIANGJISHUIHEAN,XIANJIJIZHONGPUTONGYAN。1100SHILIUSUANGEN,1380XIAOSUANYAN,

1450TANSUANGEN,YIQIANZUOYOUKANLINSUAN。GUISUANYAN,YIFENGKUAN,1000ZHENZHUANGGUAN。

SAN、HONGWAIGUANGPUFENXIBUZHOU

悠洋棋牌(1)SHOUXIANYIJUPUTUTUICHUHUAHEWUTANJIALEIXING:GENJUFENZISHIJISUANBUBAOHEDU,GONGSHI:

悠洋棋牌BUBAOHEDU=(2C+2-H-Cl+N)/2QIZHONG:ClWEILUSUYUANZI

LIRU:BIRUBEN:C6H6,BUBAOHEDU=(2*6+2-6)/2=4,3GESHUANGJIANJIAYIGEHUAN,ZHENGHAOWEI4GEBUBAOHEDU;

(2)FENXI3300~2800cm-1QUYUC-HSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU;YI3000cm-1WEIJIE:GAOYU3000cm-1WEIBUBAOHETANC-HSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU,YOUKENENGWEIXI,GUI,FANGXIANGHUAHEWU,ERDIYU3000cm-1YIBANWEIBAOHEC-HSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU;

(3)RUOZAISHAOGAOYU3000cm-1YOUXISHOU,ZEYINGZAI2250~1450cm-1PINQU,FENXIBUBAOHETANTANJIANDESHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOUTEZHENGFENG,QIZHONG:

GUI2200~2100cm-1

悠洋棋牌XI1680~1640cm-1

悠洋棋牌FANGHUAN1600,1580,1500,1450cm-1FANFENG

悠洋棋牌RUOYIQUEDINGWEIXIHUOFANGXIANGHUAHEWU,ZEYINGJINYIBUJIEXIZHIWENQU,JI1000~650cm-1DEPINQU,YIQUEDINGQUDAIJIGESHUHEWEIZHI(SHUN、FAN;LIN、JIAN、DUI);

悠洋棋牌(4)TANGUJIALEIXINGQUEDINGHOU,ZAIYIJUQITAGUANNENGTUAN,RUC=O,O-H,C-NDENGTEZHENGXISHOULAIPANDINGHUAHEWUDEGUANNENGTUAN;

悠洋棋牌(5)JIEXISHIYINGZHUYIBAMIAOSHUGEGUANNENGTUANDEXIANGGUANFENGLIANXIQILAI,YIZHUNQUEPANDINGGUANNENGTUANDECUNZAI,RU2820,2720HE1750~1700cm-1DESANGEFENG,SHUOMINGQUANJIDECUNZAI。

SI、CHANGJIANDEJIANZHI

FENXIJIBENGAODING,SHENGXIADEJIUSHIBEIYIXIECHANGJIANCHANGYONGDEJIANZHILE!

悠洋棋牌1、WANTING:C-HSHENSUOZHENDONG(3000-2850cm-1)

C-HWANQUZHENDONG(1465-1340cm-1)

悠洋棋牌YIBANBAOHETINGC-HSHENSUOJUNZAI3000cm-1YIXIA,JIEJIN3000cm-1DEPINLVXISHOU。

2、XITING:XITINGC-HSHENSUO(3100~3010cm-1)

悠洋棋牌C=CSHENSUO(1675~1640cm-1)

XITINGC-HMIANWAIWANQUZHENDONG(1000~675cm-1)。

3、GUITING:SHENSUOZHENDONG(2250~2100cm-1)

GUITINGC-HSHENSUOZHENDONG(3300cm-1FUJIN)。

悠洋棋牌4、FANGTING:3100~3000cm-1FANGHUANSHANGC-HSHENSUOZHENDONG

悠洋棋牌1600~1450cm-1C=CGUJIAZHENDONG

悠洋棋牌880~680cm-1C-HMIANWAIWANQUZHENDONG

FANGXIANGHUAHEWUZHONGYAOTEZHENG:YIBANZAI1600,1580,1500HE1450cm-1KENENGCHUXIANQIANGDUBUDENGDE4GEFENG。880~680cm-1,C-HMIANWAIWANQUZHENDONGXISHOU,YIBENHUANSHANGQUDAIJIGESHUHEWEIZHIBUTONGERFASHENGBIANHUA,ZAIFANGXIANGHUAHEWUHONGWAIPUTUFENXIZHONG,CHANGCHANGYONGCIPINQUDEXISHOUPANBIEYIGOUTI。

悠洋棋牌5、CHUNHEFEN:ZHUYAOTEZHENGXISHOUSHIO-HHEC-ODESHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU,

O-HZIYOUQIANGJIO-HDESHENSUOZHENDONG:3650~3600cm-1,WEIJIANRUIDEXISHOUFENG,

悠洋棋牌FENZIJIANQINGJIANO-HSHENSUOZHENDONG:3500~3200cm-1,WEIKUANDEXISHOUFENG;

悠洋棋牌C-OSHENSUOZHENDONG:1300~1000cm-1

O-HMIANWAIWANQU:769-659cm-1

6、MI:TEZHENGXISHOU:1300~1000cm-1DESHENSUOZHENDONG,

悠洋棋牌ZHIFANGMI:1150~1060cm-1YIGEQIANGDEXISHOUFENG

FANGXIANGMI:LIANGGEC-OSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU:1270~1230cm-1(WEIAr-OSHENSUO)1050~1000cm-1(WEIR-OSHENSUO)

7、QUANHETONG:QUANDEZHUYAOTEZHENGXISHOU:1750~1700cm-1(C=OSHENSUO)

悠洋棋牌2820,2720cm-1(QUANJIC-HSHENSUO)

ZHIFANGTONG:1715cm-1,QIANGDEC=OSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU,RUGUOTANGJIYUXIJIANHUOFANGHUANGONGEHUISHIXISHOUPINLVJIANGDI。

悠洋棋牌8、SUOSUAN:SUOSUANERJUTI:3300~2500cm-1KUAN,QIANGDEO-HSHENSUOXISHOU

1720~1706cm-1C=OXISHOU

1320~1210cm-1C-OSHENSUO

悠洋棋牌920cm-1CHENGJIANDEO-HJIANDEMIANWAIWANQUZHENDONG

9、ZHI:BAOHEZHIFANGZUZHI(CHUJIASUANZHIWAI)DEC=OXISHOUPUDAI:1750~1735cm-1QUYU

BAOHEZHIC-C(=O)-OPUDAI:1210~1163cm-1QUYU,WEIQIANGXISHOU

悠洋棋牌10、AN:3500~3100cm-1,N-HSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU

1350~1000cm-1,C-NSHENSUOZHENDONGXISHOU

N-HBIANXINGZHENDONGXIANGDANGYUCH2DEJIANSHIZHENDONGFANGSHI,QIXISHOUDAIZAI:1640~1560cm-1,MIANWAIWANQUZHENDONGZAI900~650cm-1。

悠洋棋牌11、JING:JINGLEIDEGUANGPUTEZHENG:SANJIANSHENSUOZHENDONGQUYU,YOURUODAOZHONGDENGDEXISHOU

悠洋棋牌ZHIFANGZUJING2260-2240cm-1

悠洋棋牌FANGXIANGZUJING2240-2222cm-1

12、XIANAN:3500-3100cm-1N-HSHENSUOZHENDONG

1680-1630cm-1C=OSHENSUOZHENDONG

悠洋棋牌1655-1590cm-1N-HWANQUZHENDONG

悠洋棋牌1420-1400cm-1C-NSHENSUO

13、YOUJILUHUAWU:

C-XSHENSUOZHIFANGZU

C-F1400-730cm-1

C-Cl850-550cm-1

悠洋棋牌C-Br690-515cm-1

悠洋棋牌C-I600-500cm-1

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